Naming Alkanes, Alkenes, and Alkynes

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Alkanes contain a single bond, Alkenes contain a double bond, and Alkynes contain a triple bond. In naming hydrocarbons, one must know the number of Carbons, to identify the prefix, and the number of bonds, to identify the suffix. For example, a C5H10 compound with one double bond at the first carbon would be called 1-Pentene (pent- indicating 5 carbons and -ene indicating the double bond.)

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