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This is a disjunction:

Geometry is fun #" "# or #" "# ducks do not like water.


This is a disjunction of two clauses: "geometry is fun" and "ducks do not like water". The central connective word is "or".

It is approximately logically equivalent to the conditional statement:

If ducks like water then geometry is fun.

We can break it down into parts as follows:

  • Let #G# be the statement "geometry is fun".

  • Let #D# be the statement "ducks like water".

Then the given statement can be represented symbolically as:

#G vv not D" "# "G or not D"

The statement "If ducks like water then geometry is fun." would be represented as:

#D -> G" "# "D implies G"

These two statements are equivalent in Boolean logic.

We can draw a Venn diagram looking like this:

enter image source here

The left hand circle represents the proposition "geometry is fun" and the right hand circle the proposition "ducks like water".

The shaded region corresponds to both the statements:

#G vv not D" "# "Geometry is fun or ducks do not like water."

#D -> G" "# "If ducks like water then geometry is fun."

However, I think that it is important to note that natural language and meaning are more subtle than Boolean logic. So it would be inaccurate to classify the given statement as a conditional.




definition of 'epithet' (Merriam-Webster Dictionary):
'a characterising word or phrase accompanying or occurring in place of a name or person or thing'.

Using descriptions of places and people rather than names could shift focus off different characters and onto the main character, and/or create distance between the characters and the reader.

This may be especially significant with phrases like 'the youth' and 'loud soldier', where 'youth' and 'soldier' are part of larger groups, where not being mentioned by name could greatly decrease significance of a character.


The overall read of the poem.


Rhyme scheme is like how a beat is for music. So, songs can be looked at as poems. When a songs has lyrics that rhymes, it's easier to remember, and also, more enjoyable. Rhyme scheme moves the poem smoothly and adds substance to the words. It can affect the mood and add appeal to the poem.

For example:

Everybody's got a
tell me your's and
Imma keep it.


Everybody's got a
Imma keep it
so tell me yours


Yes (but see notes below)


To be historical fiction the story must take place in history; that is it must take place prior to now.

The story might involve things that happened after some major historical event but should not involve the present.

For the example you presented in the comments:
#color(white)("XXX")#100 years after the sinking of the Titanic (in 1912)
The action would be current (or almost current since it is now 2017) and therefore would not be historical fiction.
As an alternative, a story about people searching for clues about the sinking in the years immediately following the actual sinking could be considered historical fiction.


A participle is a form of a verb.


There are present and past participles , and present participles can act as adjectives and modify nouns .

(1) In one group of English verbs,

Some Infinitives are :
to walk, to carry, to type, to talk

Their present participles end in "-ing":
I am walking / carrying / typing / talking

and their past participle ends in "-ed":
I have walked / carried / typed / talked

This group of verbs merely adds "-ed" to form the past participle; the internal spelling doesn't change:
I walk, I walked, I have walked
I carry, I carried, I have carried
I type, I typed, I have typed
I talk, I talked, I have talked

(2) In another group of English-language verbs,

Some Infinitives are :
to swim, to run, to do, to give, to bring, to think, to see, to read

Their present participles are:
I am swimming / running / doing / giving / bringing / thinking / seeing / reading

and their past participles are:
I have swum / run / done / given / brought / thought / seen / read

This group of verbs changes internally to form the past tense and past participle:
I swim, I swam, I have swum,
I run, I ran, I have run
I do, I did, I have done
I give, I gave, I have given
I bring, I brought, I have brought
I think, I thought, I have thought
I see, I saw, I have seen

A dangling participle is a present participle that appears to modify a word in the sentence other than the one it's supposed to modify, as "plunging", in "Plunging hundreds of feet into the gorge, we saw Yosemite Falls" . {re-stated, from Dictionary.com}

The people didn't go plunging, the falls did.

Check out this newspaper headline:
"Juvenile Court to Try Shooting Defendant".

The defendant shot someone; the court is not going to shoot him.

"Shooting" is a present participle acting as an adjective that modifies "defendant".


"Waiting" by Robert Frost


Robert Frost rarely uses hyperboles, so finding one is rare, but in "Waiting" he describes walking spectre-like, which is walking like a spirit, when he is really just walking slowly.

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