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A question in a declarative format


Declarative sentences are statements that end with periods. They are not commands like imperatives, and they do not express strong emotion like exclamatory sentences.

Questions generally begin with words like who, what, when, etc.

A declarative question is a declarative sentence being used to ask something:

You want to join? (You want to join.)

She's your daughter? (She's your daughter.)

Note that these questions have quick yes/no answers.


Yes, it can.


It can be both but cacophony is slightly more specific as it's used for 'unpleasant' sounds such as noise ('bang' - something with a loud sound/volume).

Onomatopoeia is almost exactly the same and is defined as what a noise would sound like as a word ('shh' - so you hear the sound it makes).

Hope this clears things up!


D) Debbie knew that studying for her test was important; consequently, she cleared her schedule for the night.


D is correct because Debbie knew... and consequently, she... are two independent clauses; each one can stand as its own sentence with a subject and verb. One of the uses of semicolons is to join two independent clauses.

Options A, B, and C are all incorrect because they either treat the whole sentence as only having one independent clause (A and C) or they treat consequently as part of the first clause (B)-- which it shouldn't be.

(Debbie knew that studying for her test was important, consequently. She cleared her schedule for the night,

makes less sense than,

Debbie knew that studying for her test was important. Consequently, she cleared her schedule for the night.)


See below


I'd like to call this poem "Bob"

There once was a man named Bob,
he was bored so he decided to get a job,
while trying to get a job, he saw a mob,
eating corn on a cob,
them eating made him want to sob,
not having food made him throb,
but yet he stayed strong and tried not to look like a slob,
poor, poor, poor Bob.

Bob also had a friend named Rob,
Luckily, Bob spotted Rob in the mob,
Rob looked like he wanted to sob,
So Bob asked, "What's wrong, Rob?"
Rob replied saying, " I tried playing tennis, but I can't lob"
Bob responded saying, "It's ok, Rob, I can't seem to get a job"
Rob said that all Bob had to do to get a job, was not look like a slob,
"Thanks", said Bob to his best friend Rob.


See below for some ideas. Keep in mind that many times words can carry both positive and negative connotations, depending on their use.


Let's take the one-by-one:

  • Jackknife

I'd say this word has a neutral connotation. It can be used to describe a type of knife used by campers and hunters, and also to describe a kind of highway accident (as in "The truck jackknifed on the highway").

  • Switchblade

Another word that describes a type of knife. At one time it may have held a negative connotation (due to its hidden blade and the press-of-a-button activation) but if it still does, I'd consider it to be pretty light. Unfortunately, the world now needs big explosives used in place of other words to catch much negative connotation (as in "He blew that idea up"). However, since the word immediately follows "jackknife" in the list, your instructor may be expecting this solidly in the negative category.

  • Rumble

This word refers to a fight between two or more groups. Often used to refer to gang fights (or at least it used to, with the use of brutal and bloody weapons such as clubs embedded with nails, chains embedded with razors, etc). This word does carry a negative connotation.

  • Contest

Refers to some sort of event where people, through hard work, experience, education, etc. vie to win. Positive connotation word.

  • Hood

A covering over an engine, a stove, a head, or some other thing like that. Neutral connotation when used that way. However, it can also carry a negative connotation (as in "I hired a guy to get back at Jerry. He's a hood and a thug.")

  • Fighter

Most of the time, this holds a positive connotation - the attitude of an individual to struggle against overwhelming odds to achieve victory. This is true whether it's their job (as in a boxer, martial artist, etc) or they are in dire circumstances (as in "Grandma's body is full of cancer, but she's a fighter"). Could be used to denote a negative when the fighter's attitude clashes with the environment they are in (as in "Well... little Jimmy is a fighter. He disrupts his kindergarten class and pushes the other children out of the way to get to the snacks first")

  • Disagree

Usually holds a neutral connotation in that it denotes someone's polite view that someone else's view is incorrect. However, the word "disagreeable" is definitely negative - it refers to someone who will always disagree, no matter the topic.

  • Bicker

A negative connotation word referring to how little kids argue. (Hey! That's mine!... No it isn't!.. Yes it is! Gimme!!! Mom!!!!!!!!!)

  • Hit

A neutral connotation word in the sense that it can refer to the act of making contact with one thing on another (as in "To hit a nail with a hammer" for instance). Can be positive (as in "The baseball player got a hit"). Can also be negative (as in "I'm tired of you two bickering and hitting each other!!!"). In general, however, I'd say it has a neutral connotation.

  • Clobber

Also refers to hitting and again, this can go to the positive ("The baseball player clobbered that ball - it's sailing out of the park!") but usually is used in a more negative way ("I was so angry I didn't just hit him, I clobbered him. He's in hospital now...").


a dictionary


an appositive is a noun or noun phrase that renames another noun before it. often, it helps to explain or identify the noun.

the first noun here is the book. the word 'dictionary' renames the book, and makes the reader's knowledge of the type of book more specific.

the punctuation around an appositive depends on the noun before it. if the noun is too general on its own and does not distinguish a particular object, then the appositive does not need any commas around it.

e.g. 'the president John F Kennedy was highly popular.'
without the apposition, the same sentence 'the president was highly popular' would be extremely general; the apposition 'John F Kennedy' is essential, and so is not surrounded by commas.

however, other appositives, such as the one in the question, are not necessarily essential. the sentence 'the book Jerome was carrying fell into the mud' would be a sufficient description for the reader to imagine.
the apposition 'a dictionary' is not essential for the reader, and so it is surrounded by commas.

when an appositive is not essential, it may be easier to recognise with the commas around it.

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