Make the internet a better place to learn

2

Answer:

Depending on how you define the opposite of anthropomorphism, it could be one of a few words. I suggest zoomorphism, dehumanize, and deanthropomorphism as possibilities.

Explanation:

Anthropomorphism is the attribution of human-like qualities onto non-human subjects, such as inanimate objects, plants, animals, and the like.

There would then be a couple of different ways we could find a word meaning the opposite. One would be a word that refers to the attribution of animal-like qualities onto a human. That word is zoomorphism. Examples include calling someone a "dirty dog", a "skunk", a "snake", etc.

Another way to take the opposite would be to have a word that refers to the removal of human-like traits from a human. That word is dehumanize.

The last way I can see an opposite is by finding a word that refers to the removal of human-like traits from non-humans. I think the best word for that would be deanthropomorphism

http://boards.straightdope.com/sdmb/showthread.php?t=430099
http://english.stackexchange.com/questions/115614/word-for-ascribing-animal-like-mentality-to-humans-opposite-of-anthropomorphize

3

Answer:

Memory loss and short term memory loss.

Explanation:

Amnesia is a defect of memory in which a person is unable to create or recall memories as general people can do.

There are two types of it like you've asked:

#1.#Anterograde Amnesia: In this type of amnesia, a person is unable to make new memories. He knows everything up until the injury but can't make new memories.

#2.#Retrograde Amnesia: In this type of amnesia, a person forget a part of his life or whole whole memory. In this type, the person can make new memories.

In some cases, both of these type of amnesia can occur simultaneously.

I suggest you to see these movies or TV shows to understand more about amnesia:

  1. Memento (Anterograde Amnesia)
  2. Samantha Who? (Retrograde Amnesia)
  3. Who Am I? (Retrograde Amnesia)
2

Answer:

Patriarchy is regarded, by many feminist academics, as the dwelling-place and safeguard of modern sexism.

Explanation:

The concept of patriarchy far exceeds a short form answer. However it can be summed up simply in the idea of a masculinity-based hegemonic and overarching structure in society which prevades and instructs most, if not all, social interactions.

If patriarchy is assumed to exist, it yields a way of explaining sexism in modern society. That is, despite the generally agreed-upon stance that the sexes are equal, people continue to act in ways that indicate an assumed superiority of masculinity or at least an assumption of greater competence in men.

As an example: it is readily observed that women in similar positions to men in a workforce will often receive lower wages. This is explained in two ways: women ask for raises less often, and women are regarded as generally less worthy of raises.

This idea relates to the idea of patriarchy because as viewed by academia, patriarchy, that is to say the distinction between what it means to act like a man and a woman, is the underlying structure that informs the ideals of how a woman "should act" and thus teaches women to be less demanding in their careers. Further, patriarchy again defines the default successful employee as male. This predisposes managers to regarding female employees as less effective and thus less worthy of wage increases.

2

Answer:

Read below:

Explanation:

He calls in a group for an experiment, but in reality there's only one subject in the group - everyone else knows what is going on, and is part of it.

The group is shown two images:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asch_conformity_experiments

The group is asked which line, A B C, is the same length as the line on the left. They are seated in a circle so they answer one by one, and the subject always answers last.

The answer appears to be C, right? There were multiple trials where everyone would give the same answers, then some would answer wrong, then some would answer right.

The goal is to see if the subject will "conform" to the group and answer what everyone else has answered or if the subject won't conform and answer what he/she thinks is the correct answer.

3

Answer:

No, self-actualization is not a basic need.

Explanation:

This explanation is based off of Maslow's hierarchy of needs. In Maslow's hierarchy of needs, self-actualization is actually the pinnacle, and not everyone will reach it.

This is the pyramid:

http://www.simplypsychology.org/maslow.html

As labeled by the picture, basic needs include the physiological needs and the safety needs, such as food, water, shelter, security...etc.

What Maslow said was that before you could move on to the next level, you had to fulfill the lower level first. Before you care about your security and your safety, you need to have a source of food, water, and shelter.

If you fulfill all the other needs, you reach self-actualization, where you successfully achieve your potential.

So no, you don't need self-actualization as a basic need, but you do need to have your basic needs fulfilled before you can reach self-actualization.

3

Answer:

I'm presuming your question is related to sensation.

Explanation:

Absolute Threshold is the point where some sensory input becomes just noticeable to our senses. It is the softest sound we can hear or the slightest touch we can feel. Anything less than this goes unnoticed.

Once a stimulus becomes detectable, how much must it change by for the change to become noticeable by us? The Difference Threshold is the amount of change needed for us to recognize that a change has occurred. This change is referred to as the Just Noticeable Difference .

This difference however is not absolute. Imagine you have an empty hand, and someone puts a 1 g weight in it. You would notice this weight.
Now imagine that you have a 1 kg weight, and someone adds a 1g weight to that. You would not notice this at all.
This is referred to as Weber’s Law .

Ever wonder why it is that we notice certain smells or sounds right away and then after a while they fade into the background? Once we adapt to the smell of a perfume or the ticking of the clock, we stop recognizing it. This process of becoming less sensitive to unchanging stimulus is referred to as sensory adaptation, after all, if a stimulus doesn’t change, why do we need to constantly sense it?

Source: http://allpsych.com/psychology101/sensation/

2

Answer:

The difference in these two logical fallacies is that DF is looking to make an option false while FD is trying make an option true.

Explanation:

I've moved the question to Psychology from English Grammar because this is a psychology/logic question and not a literary device one.

Below is a link to a website that lists out 26 logical missteps, with examples:

http://kspope.com/fallacies/fallacies.php

Ok - now to the question! The difference between a disjunctive fallacy and a false dilemma.

Disjunctive fallacy results from thinking that within a choice between two things, finding one thing true makes the other thing false (even though they might both be true). For instance, I can say:

I bought the new car either because I like the colour or because I like the styling. I like the colour. Therefore I don't like the styling.

In logic format, it looks like this:

#X or Y#
#X#
#"therefore not " Y#

In logic, for the statement #X or Y# to be found as True, either X or Y needs to be found as True. They both can be True - and so this logical fallacy negates one option that shouldn't be negated.

False dilemma results from thinking that within an array of choices, two things are chosen (and one is usually extreme) to force the "logical acceptance" of the second choice. For instance, I could say:

The punishment for a thief should either be 10 years of hard labour or death. It shouldn't be death. Therefore it should be 10 years of hard labour.

In logic format, it looks like this:

#X or Y#
#"not " X#
#"therefore " Y#

In logic, for the statement #X or Y# to be found as True, either X or Y needs to be found as True. If however we throw in a false choice (#X#), the remaining choice is forced to be seen as True.

1

Answer:

Voltage-gated calcium ion channels

Explanation:

The major one is voltage-gated calcium ion channels, as the influx of calcium is what subsequently triggers vesicles containing neurotransmitter to move and fuse to the presynaptic membrane and be expelled into the synapse via exocytosis.

2

Answer:

They are both believed to be the result of excess dopamine

Explanation:

Although the causes of different sleep and personality disorders remain disputed by researchers. It is generally accepted that psychosis is the result of excess dopamine and over-activation of the dopaminergic system; similarly night terrors, a type of sleep disorder common in younger individuals is thought to also be associated with higher levels of dopamine.