# Memorization Tips and Tricks

## Key Questions

• You have to go step by step, from easier ones to complex ones.

You have to learn a lot about alkanes, alkenes, alkynes. Then you have to practice how to draw them or how to give them IUPAC name. Then start with cycloalkanes, cycloalkenes, ...

Here is a short list of most important functional groups.

• You mean how you can spot one on a compound? It's merely the part of the compound that branches away from the main chain.

Let's say you had this, N,N-dimethylacetoacetamide:

You could say that the main chain is the carbon attached directly to the nitrogen from the left (carbon-1) all the way to the far left carbon (carbon-4).

Then, the carbonyl groups would be the $\text{C"="O}$ of carbon-1 and carbon-3. The only other functional group is the secondary amine group on carbon-1. You can tell it's secondary from my writing N,N, which implies two substituents on the nitrogen. You could also say that the carbonyl on carbon-1 along with the "N"("CH"_3)_2 can be coupled together as one functional group called an amide.

If you want to be able to remember these, try quizzing yourself with flash cards.