100 grams of magnesium and 2.50 grams of oxygen react together in synthesis reaction to form magnesium oxide. How do you write this balanced reaction?

1 Answer
Apr 30, 2016

Answer:

The balanced equation is clearly:

#Mg(s) + 1/2O_2(g) rarr MgO(s)#

Explanation:

It is abundantly clear that magnesium is in vast molar excess:

i.e. #"Moles of metal"# #=# #(100*g)/(24.31*g*mol^-1)# #~=# #5*mol#

#"Moles of dioxygen"# #=# #(2.5*g)/(32.00*g*mol^-1)# #~=# #0.08*mol#

Clearly, #O_2# is the limiting reagent, and our calculation proceeds on the basis of the molar quantity of the gas.