This is just a trinomial.
It is neither an equality (
If there is nothing else but just this, it's just a trinomial that has no real point.
MAYBE you mean
Since the numbers all have a common factor of
Now the trick of factoring out this trinomial is to pay attention to these two numbers:
We need to find two numbers that multiply together to make
Which of these pairs adds together to make
The second one does, so we can change the inside a little:
Now we will group these into two groups and factor out the common terms:
Now we can actually factor out
Here is a really helpful Khan Academy video on this exact thing, where he can talk you through each individual step since this is a really confusing and complicated process!