Question #54740

2 Answers

This answer will assume the hydrogen is formed at STP (allows us to use molar volume of a gas of 22.4L). Standard pressure is actually 0.987atm (100kPa).

2.5g Na x (1 mol Na/22.99g Na) = 0.1087 mol Na
*convert to moles of sodium

0.1087 mol Na x (1 mol H2/2 mol Na) = 0.05437 mol H2
*convert from moles sodium to moles Na using ratio from balanced eq

0.05437 mol H2 x (22.4 L H2 / 1 mol H2) = 1.218 L H2
*convert from mol hydrogen to volume hydrogen using molar volume

The answer should be rounded to 2 sig figs based on the mass measurement of 2.5g Na you started with so your final answer is

1.2L Hydrogen at 1 atm

Mar 11, 2014

Answer:

1.2 L.

Explanation:

The volume of H₂ is 1.2 L.

2Na + 2H₂O → 2Na⁺ + 2OH⁻ + H₂

You must convert:

grams of Na → moles of Na → moles of H₂ → litres of H₂

  1. 2.5 g Na × #(1 mol Na)/(22.99 g Na)# = 0.11 mol Na

  2. 0.11 mol Na × #(1 mol H₂)/(2 mol Na)* = 0.054 mol H₂

  3. At 1 atm and 0 °C, 1 mol of H₂ has a volume of 22.414 L.

0.054 mol H₂ × #(22.414 L H₂)/(1 mol H₂)# = 1.2 L H₂