Download presentation

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Published byRalph Clark Modified over 6 years ago

1
Active Learning Lecture Slides For use with Classroom Response Systems Comparing Two Groups

2
Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. 10.1 Do people who drink caffeinated beverages have a higher occurrence of heart disease than people who do not drink caffeinated beverages? Two hundred caffeinated beverage drinkers and non-caffeinated beverage drinkers are followed for 20 years and the occurrences of heart disease is recorded. To answer this question would you use proportions or means AND dependent or independent samples? a) Two proportions from independent samples. b) Two proportions from dependent samples. c) Two means from independent samples. d) Two means from dependent samples.

3
Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. 10.1 Do people who drink caffeinated beverages have a higher occurrence of heart disease than people who do not drink caffeinated beverages? Two hundred caffeinated beverage drinkers and non-caffeinated beverage drinkers are followed for 20 years and the occurrences of heart disease is recorded. To answer this question would you use proportions or means AND dependent or independent samples? a) Two proportions from independent samples. b) Two proportions from dependent samples. c) Two means from independent samples. d) Two means from dependent samples.

4
Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. 10.2 Has there been a significant change in the proportion of Americans that believe that we are spending too little on improving the education system? Data was collected by the GSS in 1988 (group 1) and in 2004 (group 2) that resulted in the following 95% confidence interval for is (-0.11, -0.03)? Interpret. a) There is statistically significant evidence that the population proportion is higher in 1988 than in 2004. b) There is statistically significant evidence that the population proportion is lower in 1988 than in 2004. c) There is no statistically significant evidence that the population proportion is different for 1988 and for 2004.

5
Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. 10.2 Has there been a significant change in the proportion of Americans that believe that we are spending too little on improving the education system? Data was collected by the GSS in 1988 (group 1) and in 2004 (group 2) that resulted in the following 95% confidence interval for is (-0.11, -0.03)? Interpret. a) There is statistically significant evidence that the population proportion is higher in 1988 than in 2004. b) There is statistically significant evidence that the population proportion is lower in 1988 than in 2004. c) There is no statistically significant evidence that the population proportion is different for 1988 and for 2004.

6
Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. 10.3 Do more women (w) get greater satisfaction from their family life than men (m)? One year the GSS asked 234 men and 270 women if they got a “very great deal of satisfaction” from their family life. What is the correct alternative hypothesis? a) b) c) d)

7
Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. 10.3 Do more women (w) get greater satisfaction from their family life than men (m)? One year the GSS asked 234 men and 270 women if they got a “very great deal of satisfaction” from their family life. What is the correct alternative hypothesis? a) b) c) d)

8
Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. 10.4 Do more women (w) get greater satisfaction from their family life then men (m)? The GSS asked men and women if they got a “very great deal of satisfaction” from their family life. For the Minitab output below, what is the correct conclusion? Test for difference = a) We have strong statistically significant evidence that the population proportion of women get very great deal of satisfaction from family life is more than for men. b) We have strong statistically significant evidence that the population proportion of women get very great deal of satisfaction from family life is less than for men. c) We do not have statistically significant evidence of a difference in the population proportion of men and women who get a very great deal of satisfaction from family life.

9
Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. 10.4 Do more women (w) get greater satisfaction from their family life then men (m)? The GSS asked men and women if they got a “very great deal of satisfaction” from their family life. For the Minitab output below, what is the correct conclusion? Test for difference = a) We have strong statistically significant evidence that the population proportion of women get very great deal of satisfaction from family life is more than for men. b) We have strong statistically significant evidence that the population proportion of women get very great deal of satisfaction from family life is less than for men. c) We do not have statistically significant evidence of a difference in the population proportion of men and women who get a very great deal of satisfaction from family life.

10
Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. 10.5 What type of problem would be used to test the following alternative hypothesis? “Europeans on average walk more miles per day than Americans.” a) Comparing two proportions from independent samples. b) Comparing two proportions from dependent samples. c) Comparing two means from independent samples. d) Comparing two means from dependent samples.

11
Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. 10.5 What type of problem would be used to test the following alternative hypothesis? “Europeans on average walk more miles per day than Americans.” a) Comparing two proportions from independent samples. b) Comparing two proportions from dependent samples. c) Comparing two means from independent samples. d) Comparing two means from dependent samples.

12
Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. 10.6 Do people who run at least 5 miles a week have a higher resting heart rate than people who ride their bike at least 5 miles a week? People were allowed to participate in only one sport. The resting heart rate of 200 runners and 200 bikers who cover more than 5 miles were recorded. To answer this question would you use proportions or means AND dependent or independent samples? a)Two proportions from independent samples b)Two proportions from dependent samples c)Two means from independent samples d)Two means from dependent samples

13
Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. 10.6 Do people who run at least 5 miles a week have a higher resting heart rate than people who ride their bike at least 5 miles a week? People were allowed to participate in only one sport. The resting heart rate of 200 runners and 200 bikers who cover more than 5 miles were recorded. To answer this question would you use proportions or means AND dependent or independent samples? a)Two proportions from independent samples b)Two proportions from dependent samples c)Two means from independent samples d)Two means from dependent samples

14
Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. 10.7 In 2004, two groups of college age students were asked how many drinks they had on a day in which they were drinking. Group A was above the legal drinking age and Group B was below the legal drinking age. The below drinking age group had a sample mean of 1.2 and the above drinking age group had a sample mean of 2.17. What is the point estimate of ? a) 0 b) -0.97 c) 1.96 d) 1.69 e) Unknown

15
Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. a) 0 b) -0.97 c) 1.96 d) 1.69 e) Unknown 10.7 In 2004, two groups of college age students were asked how many drinks they had on a day in which they were drinking. Group A was above the legal drinking age and Group B was below the legal drinking age. The below drinking age group had a sample mean of 1.2 and the above drinking age group had a sample mean of 2.17. What is the point estimate of ?

16
Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. 10.8 Two groups of college age students were asked how many drinks they had on a day in which they were drinking. Group A was above the legal drinking age and Group B was below the legal drinking age. What is the correct alternative hypothesis to determine if the population mean number of drinks consumed by the above legal age group was significantly higher than the below legal age group? a) b) c) d)

17
Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. 10.8 Two groups of college age students were asked how many drinks they had on a day in which they were drinking. Group A was above the legal drinking age and Group B was below the legal drinking age. What is the correct alternative hypothesis to determine if the population mean number of drinks consumed by the above legal age group was significantly higher than the below legal age group? a) b) c) d)

18
Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. 10.9 An administrator wondered if upperclassmen spent a different amount of money on rent than underclassmen. The Minitab output below is the result of her study. What would be your conclusion? Difference = mu(under) - mu(upper) 95% CI for difference: (-209.800, -17.700) a) There is statistically significant evidence that the population mean rent is higher for underclassmen than upperclassmen. b) There is statistically significant evidence that the population mean rent is higher for upperclassmen than underclassmen. c) There is no statistically significant evidence that the population mean rent is different for upperclassmen and underclassmen.

19
Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. 10.9 An administrator wondered if upperclassmen spent a different amount of money on rent than underclassmen. The Minitab output below is the result of her study. What would be your conclusion? Difference = mu(under) - mu(upper) 95% CI for difference: (-209.800, -17.700) a) There is statistically significant evidence that the population mean rent is higher for underclassmen than upperclassmen. b) There is statistically significant evidence that the population mean rent is higher for upperclassmen than underclassmen. c) There is no statistically significant evidence that the population mean rent is different for upperclassmen and underclassmen.

20
Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. 10.10 An administrator wondered if upperclassmen spent a different amount of money on rent than underclassmen. The Minitab output below is the result of her study. What would be your p-value for a two sided test based on the confidence interval below? Difference = mu (under) - mu (upper) 95% CI for difference: (-209.800, -17.700) a) The p-value would be greater than 0.05. b) The p-value would be less than 0.05. c) It cannot be determined.

21
Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. 10.10 An administrator wondered if upperclassmen spent a different amount of money on rent than underclassmen. The Minitab output below is the result of her study. What would be your p-value for a two sided test based on the confidence interval below? Difference = mu (under) - mu (upper) 95% CI for difference: (-209.800, -17.700) a) The p-value would be greater than 0.05. b) The p-value would be less than 0.05. c) It cannot be determined.

22
Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. 10.16 Are people equally footed? Can they stand on their “right leg only” for a longer period of time than they can stand on their “left leg only”? Twenty people were timed standing on their “right leg only” and “left leg only”. This an example of… a) comparing proportions from independent samples. b) comparing proportions from dependent samples. c) comparing means from independent samples. d) comparing means from dependent samples.

23
Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. 10.16 Are people equally footed? Can they stand on their “right leg only” for a longer period of time than they can stand on their “left leg only”? Twenty people were timed standing on their “right leg only” and “left leg only”. This an example of… a) comparing proportions from independent samples. b) comparing proportions from dependent samples. c) comparing means from independent samples. d) comparing means from dependent samples.

24
Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. 10.19 Does a new diet plan help people lose weight? Twenty people were weighed before starting a 3-month diet program and again after they completed the program. The change in weight was found by taking, before weight minus after weight. If the test statistic was 3.45 what is the correct conclusion? a) We have strong statistically significant evidence to show that the population mean weight loss was greater than zero. b) We have moderate statistically significant evidence to show that the population mean weight loss was greater than zero. c) We do not have statistically significant evidence that the population mean weight loss was less than zero.

25
Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. a) We have strong statistically significant evidence to show that the population mean weight loss was greater than zero. b) We have moderate statistically significant evidence to show that the population mean weight loss was greater than zero. c) We do not have statistically significant evidence that the population mean weight loss was less than zero. 10.19 Does a new diet plan help people lose weight? Twenty people were weighed before starting a 3-month diet program and again after they completed the program. The change in weight was found by taking, before weight minus after weight. If the test statistic was 3.45 what is the correct conclusion?

Similar presentations

© 2021 SlidePlayer.com Inc.

All rights reserved.

To make this website work, we log user data and share it with processors. To use this website, you must agree to our Privacy Policy, including cookie policy.

Ads by Google