Question #7d3c8

Mar 15, 2015

Your reaction will produce $\text{5530 mL}$ of oxygen gas under those conditions for pressure and temperature.

So, you're dealing with the decomposition of potassium chlorate into potassium chloride and oxygen gas. The balanced chemical equation for this reaction looks like this

$2 K C l {O}_{3 \left(s\right)} \to 2 K C {l}_{\left(s\right)} + 3 {O}_{2 \left(g\right)}$

Notice the $\text{2:3}$ mole ratio that exists between potassium chlorate and oxygen gas - for every 2 moles of the former that react, 3 moles of the latter will be produced.

In other words, regardless of how many moles of potassium chlorate react, you'll always have 3/2 times more moles of oxygen gas produced.

Use potassium chlorate's molar mass to determine how many moles reacted

${\text{23.5 g" * "1 mole"/"122.55 g" = "0.1918 moles KClO}}_{3}$

We've established that you'll produce 3/2 times more moles of oxygen gas, which means that you'll get

${\text{0.1918 moles KClO"_3 * "3 moles O"_2/"2 moles KClO"_3 = "0.2877 moles O}}_{2}$

Since you know moles, temperature (I"ll use $\text{20.0"^@"C}$), and pressure, you can use the ideal gas law equation to solve for the volume of oxygen gas produced

$P V = n R T \implies V = \frac{n R T}{P}$

$V = \left(\text{0.2877 moles" * 0.082("atm" * "L")/("mol" * "K") * (273.15 + 20.0)"K")/("1.25 atm}\right)$

$V = \text{5.53 L}$

Expressed in mililiters, the answer will be

$\text{5.53 L" * "1000 mL"/"1 L" = "5530 mL}$

SIDE NOTE Here's how the lab setup for this reaction looks like - the oxygen gas is collected over water.