Question #e3c60

1 Answer
Oct 12, 2015

Answer:

A bond formed between a metal and non-metal.

Explanation:

Ionic bonds are formed between metals and non-metals.

The metal transfers electrons to the non-metal.

This causes the formation of a cation (+ve charge) and an anion (-ve) charge, and hence there is an attraction between these ions.

E.g., the balanced equation for the reaction between #"Na"# and #"Cl"_2# is

#"2Na + Cl"_2 → "2Na"^+"Cl"^-#.

#"Na"# has 1 electron in its outer shell, and #"Cl"# has 7.

So #"Na"# needs to donate one electron to attain the stable octet of neon, and #"Cl"# needs to gain one electron to attain the stable octet of argon.

bioserv.fiu.edu

The transfer of electrons forms an ionic compound, #"NaCl"#, more commonly known as common salt.