Question #444cf

1 Answer
Oct 18, 2015

Answer:

The reaction produces sodium carbonate, water, and carbon dioxide.

Explanation:

Sulfuric acid, #"H"_2"SO"_4#, will react with sodium carbonate, #"Na"_2"CO"_3#, to form sodium sulfate, #"Na"_2"SO"_4#, and carbonic acid, #"H"_2"CO"_3#.

In aqueous solution, carbonic acid actually exists in equilibrium with water and carbon dioxide, #"CO"_2#.

#"H"_2"CO"_text(3(aq]) rightleftharpoons "H"_2"O"_text((l]) + "CO"_text(2(aq])#

The balanced chemical equation for this reaction will looks like this

#"H"_2"SO"_text(4(aq]) + "Na"_2"CO"_text(3(s]) -> "Na"_2"SO"_text(4(aq]) + overbrace("H"_2"CO"_text(3(aq]))^(color(blue)("H"_2"O" + "CO"_2))#

The reaction can thus be written as

#"H"_2"SO"_text(4(aq]) + "Na"_2"CO"_text(3(s]) -> "Na"_2"SO"_text(4(aq]) + "H"_2"O"_text((l]) + "CO"_text(2(g]) uarr#

The carbon dioxide will bubble out of solution.