An #0.25*L# air bubble is released by a diver at a pressure of #2.4*atm#, and a temperature of #288*K#. What volume will it express at the surface with #T=300*K#?

1 Answer
Jan 18, 2016

Answer:

#(P_1V_1)/T_1 = (P_2V_2)/T_2#; we use the combined gas law and absolute temperature.

Explanation:

So #V_2 = (P_1V_1T_2)/(T_1P_2)#

#=# #(2.4*cancel(atm)xx0.250*Lxx300*cancelK)/(288*cancelKxx1.0*cancel(atm))# #=# #??L#

It is fairly clearly that the volume of the bubble WILL expand, both on the basis of the change in pressure, and on the basis of the change in temperature.

Note that the golden rule of scuba diving as opposed to free diving is #"NEVER HOLD YOUR BREATH"#. Why should holding your breath be an issue for a scuba diver?