Question #0a578

1 Answer
May 9, 2016

Answer:

Here's what I got.

Explanation:

The idea here is that you need to find two equations that establish a relationship between the number of moles of #"A"# and of #"B"# present in those two compounds and the molar masses of the two elements.

You know that one mole of #"B"_2"A"_3# contains

  • two moles of element #"B"#, #2 xx "B"#
  • three moles of element #"A"#, #3 xx "A"#

Likewise, one mole of #"B"_2"A"# contains

  • two moles of element #"B"#. #2 xx "B"#
  • one mole of element #"A"#, #1 xx "A"#

This means that #0.05# moles of #"B"_2"A"_3# will contain

  • #2 xx "0.05 moles" = "0.10 moles B"#
  • #3 xx "0.05 moles" = "0.15 moles A"#

and #0.1# moles of #"B"_2"A"# will contain

  • #2 xx "0.1 moles" = "0.20 moles B"#
  • #1 xx "0.1 moles" = "0.10 moles A"#

Now, if you take #xcolor(white)(a)"g mol"^(-1)# to be the molar mass of element #"A"# and #ycolor(white)(a)"g mol"^(-1)# to be the molar mass of element #"B"#, you can say that you have

#0.10 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("moles B"))) * ycolor(white)(a) "g"/(color(red)(cancel(color(black)("mole B")))) + 0.15 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("moles A"))) * xcolor(white)(a)"g"/(color(red)(cancel(color(black)("mole A")))) = "9 g"#

This is equivalent to

#0.10y + 0.15x = 9" " " "color(orange)((1))#

Do the same for the second compound

#0.20 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("moles B"))) * ycolor(white)(a) "g"/(color(red)(cancel(color(black)("mole B")))) + 0.10 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("moles A"))) * xcolor(white)(a)"g"/(color(red)(cancel(color(black)("mole A")))) = "10 g"#

This is equivalent to

#0.20y + 0.10x = 10" " " "color(orange)((2))#

Now use equations #color(orange)((1))# and #color(orange)((2))# to find #x# and #y#

#{ (0.10y + 0.15x = 9 | xx (-2)), (0.20y + 0.10x = 10) :}#
#color(white)(aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa)/color(white)(aaaaaaaaaaaaaa)#

#-0.20x = -8 implies x = ((-8))/((-0.20)) = 40#

This will get you

#0.10y = 9 - 0.15 * 40#

#y = 3/0.10 = 30#

Therefore, the molar masses of the two elements are

#"For A: " color(green)(|bar(ul(color(white)(a/a)"40 g mol"^(-1)color(white)(a/a)|)))#

#"For B: " color(green)(|bar(ul(color(white)(a/a)"30 g mol"^(-1)color(white)(a/a)|)))#