Question #faa56

1 Answer
May 16, 2016

Answer:

#"42.4 g"#

Explanation:

The idea here is that you can use a substance's density as a conversion factor to go from grams to volume and vice versa.

Simply put, if you know the density of a substance, you can use it to determine the volume of a given mass of said substance. Likewise, if you are given the volume of the substance, you can use its density to determine the mass of the sample.

You're dealing with a rectangular prism, which means that you can use its dimensions to find its volume

#color(blue)(|bar(ul(color(white)(a/a)V = "length" xx "height" xx "width"color(white)(a/a)|)))#

http://www.korthalsaltes.com/model.php?name_en=rectangular%20prism

In your case, you will have

#V = "3.00 cm" xx "2.50 cm" xx "1.80 cm" = "13.5 cm"^3#

So, this substance is said to have a density of #"3.14 g cm"^(-3)#. This tells you that every #"1 cm"^3# of this substance has a mass of #"3.14 g"#.

Use this as a conversion factor to get the mass that will occupy a volume of #"13.5 cm"^3#

#13.5 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("cm"^3))) * overbrace("3.14 g"/(1color(red)(cancel(color(black)("cm"^3)))))^(color(purple)("the given density")) = color(green)(|bar(ul(color(white)(a/a)"42.4 g"color(white)(a/a)|)))#

The answer is rounded to three sig figs.