Which metal is easier to ionize, lithium or strontium?

1 Answer
Aug 3, 2017

Answer:

As a scientist you need to look at the numbers, i.e. consider the ionization energies........

Explanation:

And these are listed for most metals........

#Li(g) + Delta rarrLi^(+)(g) + e^(-)# #;DeltaH^@=520.2*kJ*mol^-1#

#Sr(g) + Delta rarrSr^(+)(g) + e^(-)# #;DeltaH^@=549.5*kJ*mol^-1#

I got the numbers from my inorganic text......

So on this basis, energetically, it is easier to form #Li^+#. Of course, ionization energy DECREASES down a Group (i.e. the distance of the valence electron from the nucleus increases), but INCREASES across a Period (#Z,# #"the atomic number"#, becomes larger). And so in this instance, we compare apples and oranges.