- all of the above are correct.
Transportation revolutions greatly influenced the new nation. The Erie canal opened up the Ohio valley to settlement, as well as the building of the national road across the Cumberland gap.
industrial revolutions of the textile factories of New England split the nations between the south that wanted low tariffs and the manufacturing north that want high tariffs.
add cheap labor. In the south slavery provided cheap labor that made the production of cotton profitable. While in the north immigrants and young unmarried women provide cheap labor in the new factories.
The invention of the cotton gin was an important as slavery in the profitable production of cotton. Without the cotton gin only long stem cotton could be grown profitably
In the North the invention of the water powered machinery made the textile factories possible.
4 So the correct answer is all 4