What is a bleeder? Explain its purpose.
For propose of safety, a bleeder resistor is connected in parallel with the output of a high-voltage power supply circuit. This resistor discharges the electric charge stored in the filter capacitor of the power supply when the load is switched off. Refer to the figure below.
Bleeder resistor provides the following safety features in the electronic power supplies
- Acts as a fuse for excess voltage
- Discharges the filter capacitors
- Removes shock hazards to operating personal from induction coils
- Eliminates ground-loop current
EDIT: Corrected circuit