How do know what happens when #A.# #"calcium nitrate"# is added to #"sodium carbonate"#, and #B.# #"sodium chloride"# is added to #"copper nitrate"#?
How else do you predict but by reference to PRIOR experiment?
When a salt, say common salt, dissolves in water, a chemical reaction occurs:
The ionic species are the aquated ions; which we could represent as
So for your reactions (
Or, as the net ionic equation:
Calcium carbonate is (reasonably) insoluble in water, and precipitates from solution. And all of this is the province of experiment.
Ionization certainly occurs; i.e. there are discrete sodium, chloride, cupric ions etc. in solution, but because an insoluble salt is NOT formed, there is no precipitation of any salt. The partner exchange is conceptual and not actual.
Does this help? If you want to clarify a point, I (and others) will certainly be available for comments/corrections/clarification.