Question #06e65

1 Answer
Apr 27, 2017

Answer:

Warning! Long Answer. The maximum number of atoms is present in (b) 0.1 g #"H"_2#.

Explanation:

(a) Atoms in #"NH"_3#

#"Moles of NH"_3 = 0.17 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("g NH"_3))) × (1 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("mol NH"_3))))/(17.03 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("g NH"_3)))) = "0.009 98 mol NH"_3#

#"Atoms ="#

#"0.009 98" color(red)(cancel(color(black)("mol NH"_3 )))× (6.023 × 10^23 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("molecules NH"_3))))/(1 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("mol NH"_3)))) × "4 atoms"/(1 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("molecule NH"_3))))#

#= 2.40 × 10^22 color(white)(l)"atoms"#

(b) Atoms in #"H"_2#

#"Moles of H"_2 = 0.1 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("g H"_2))) × (1 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("mol H"_2))))/(2.016 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("g H"_2)))) = "0.050 mol H"_2#

#"Atoms ="#

#0.050 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("mol H"_2))) × (6.023 × 10^23 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("molecules H"_2))))/(1 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("mol H"_2)))) × "2 atoms"/(1 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("molecule H"_2))))#

#= 6.0 × 10^22color(white)(l) "atoms"#

(c) Atoms in #"O"_2#

#"Moles of O"_2 = 0.64color(red)(cancel(color(black)("g O"_2))) × (1 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("mol O"_2))))/(32.00 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("g O"_2)))) = "0.020 mol O"_2#

#"Atoms ="#

#0.020 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("mol O"_2))) × (6.023 × 10^23 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("molecules O"_2))))/(1 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("mol O"_2)))) × "2 atoms"/(1 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("molecule O"_2))))#

#= 2.41 × 10^22 color(white)(l)"atoms"#

(d) Atoms in #"HCl"#

#"Moles of HCl" = 0.365color(red)(cancel(color(black)("g HCl"))) × (1 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("mol HCl"))))/(36.46 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("g HCl")))) = "0.010 01 mol HCl"#

#"Atoms ="#

#"0.010 01" color(red)(cancel(color(black)("mol HCl"))) × (6.023 × 10^23 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("molecules HCl"))))/(1 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("mol HCl")))) × "3 atoms"/(1 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("molecule HCl"))))#

#= 1.809 × 10^22 color(white)(l)"atoms"#

The hydrogen provides the most molecules because its atoms have such little mass that they give the most moles.