What are the intermolecular forces that operate in isomeric #C_4H_9Cl#?

1 Answer
Aug 18, 2017

Answer:

This is an experimental proposition for which we need data, which we ain't got.

Explanation:

We would ASSUME here that the longest chain isomer has the LOWEST volatility and the greatest normal boiling point.....

#H_3C-CH_2CH_2CH_2Cl#; #"boiling point"=78# #""^@C#

#H_3C-CHClCH_2CH_3#; #"boiling point"=70# #""^@C#

#H_3C-CH(CH_3)CH_2Cl#; #"boiling point"=69# #""^@C#

#(H_3C)_3C-Cl#; #"boiling point"=51# #""^@C#.

Are there are only 4 isomers of #"butyl chloride"#? Are my boiling points right? Do not assume that I have got it right.

SO why the difference in volatility? #"Tert butyl chloride"# has the least longest carbon chain of the given isomers, and therefore the least potential for van der Waal's interactions.