Question #e18cb

1 Answer
Jun 27, 2017

Answer:

Water is 11.19 % hydrogen and 88.81 % oxygen by mass.

Explanation:

Percent by mass is an intensive property: it does not depend on the amount of material present.

Thus, we can calculate the percent by mass of one molecule of water.

#"Mass of 1 molecule" = 2 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("atoms H"))) × "1.008 u"/(1 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("atom H")))) + 1 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("atom O"))) × "16.00 u"/(1 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("atom O")))) = "2.016 u+ 16.00 u" = "18.016 u"#

#"% H" = "mass of H"/"total mass" × 100 % = (2.016 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("u"))))/(18.016 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("u")))) × 100 % = 11.19 %#

#"% O" = "mass of O"/"total mass" × 100 % = (16.00 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("u"))))/(18.016 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("u")))) × 100 % = 88.81 %#