Question #efb63

1 Answer
Dec 31, 2017


D. I II, IV and V not III


III Harvard was founded in 1636 to train pastors While Yale was founded in 1701 by the Colonial Government of Conn. to train both pastors and teacher. Both of these schools were formed long before the Great Awakening so III is wrong.

I. There was an increase in church attendance and membership throughout the colonies However the Congreationalists of New England benefited the most. While the increases in church membership in the colonies was uneven all regions did see an increase in church membership, so I should be considered to be true.

II. The churches that benefited the most from the Great Awakening were the evangelical churches. These churches were more accepting of all classes of people, and more tolerant of differences of theology. Poor people, blacks and even slaves were accepted into the congregations. The people in the evangelical churches had more freedom. The members of the church could choose their own leaders and pastors by a democratic vote. So II is definitely a correct answer.

IV. The established churches were divided and fractured by the Great Awakening. Some leaders violently opposed the greater religious freedom encouraged by the Great Awakening, perhaps feeling threatened by a loss of power. Other leaders embraced the increased religious fervor of the movement. This caused the established churches to split into rival fractions.

V. George Whitefield from England came as part of the Great Awakening. He preached adamantly for the conversion of the slaves, and American Indians. He taught that the slaves needed to become Christians and accepted into the churches as members. Many of his followers taught that the slaves who became Christians should be set free, One follower Hugh Bryan advocated based on the teachings of the Great Awakening for the total abolition of slavery.

However many of the preachers in the south used the conversion of Blacks to Christianity as a tool for oppression. The teaching was that the slaves should be obedient to the slave owners as obedience to Christ.

Regardless of the application of the conversion of the black slaves to Christianity there was definitely a renewed interest in converting the blacks and American tribal groups to Christianity. In many cases it resulted in more humane treatment of the slaves. It also was used to reinforce the institution of slavery in other cases.

While controversial V must be consider to be mainly true so

I, II, IV and V are all true and III is false.