How does mining affect the atmosphere, biosphere, lithosphere, and hydrosphere?

1 Answer
Feb 13, 2018


  • Pollutes the air with dust. This affects wildlife and creates poor air quality in the area.
  • When coal is burned it releases many harmful chemicals into the air, such as methane (greenhouse gas) and contributes to global warming


  • Destroys plant and animal habitats (kills plants, destroys resources that animals use) and causes animals to leave or die (read more about mining and biodiversity here)
  • The release of chemicals is harmful to humans and causes many deaths (eg. mercury, which harms entire food chains)


  • Mountaintop removal, where tops of hills and mountains are removed to reveal coal.
  • A great deal of soil and land is removed, permanently altering the landscape (read about mining and erosion here)


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