A car used 14.7 gallons of gas while travellng 282.8 miles. About how many miles per gallon did the car average?
Number of miles traveled on one gallon is
The method clue is in the format of the units used in the answer.
You require 'miles'
That is: the number of miles for 'one' gallon. The use of 'per' means 'for each'
Ok! We will solve this by using ratio.
Let the number of miles traveled on 1 gallon be
So as we are using ratio we need to change 14.7 in
We do this by dividing by its own value. But what we do to 'the bottom' we need to do the same to 'the top'.
This method can be used to change ratios into any values you wish. This will work as long as the denominator has the same relative proportion to the numerator!!!
So how far would you travel on 2 gallons
Or for greater precision