A line segment has endpoints at (7 ,5 ) and (6 ,1). If the line segment is rotated about the origin by (3pi )/2 , translated vertically by 3 , and reflected about the x-axis, what will the line segment's new endpoints be?

Feb 3, 2018

$\left(5 , 4\right) \text{ and } \left(1 , 3\right)$

Explanation:

$\text{since there are 3 transformations to be performed here}$
$\text{label the endpoints}$

$A \left(7 , 5\right) \text{ and } B \left(6 , 1\right)$

$\textcolor{b l u e}{\text{First transformation}}$

$\text{under a rotation about the origin of } \frac{3 \pi}{2}$

• " a point "(x,y)to(y,-x)

$\Rightarrow A \left(7 , 5\right) \to A ' \left(5 , - 7\right)$

$\Rightarrow B \left(6 , 1\right) \to B ' \left(1 , - 6\right)$

$\textcolor{b l u e}{\text{Second transformation}}$

$\text{under a translation } \left(\begin{matrix}0 \\ 3\end{matrix}\right)$

• " a point "(x,y)to(x,y+3)

$\Rightarrow A ' \left(5 , - 7\right) \to A ' ' \left(5 , - 4\right)$

$\Rightarrow B ' \left(1 , - 6\right) \to B ' ' \left(1 , - 3\right)$

$\textcolor{b l u e}{\text{Third transformation}}$

$\text{under a reflection in the x-axis}$

• " a point "(x,y)to(x,-y)

$\Rightarrow A ' ' \left(5 , - 4\right) \to A ' ' ' \left(5 , 4\right)$

$\Rightarrow B ' ' \left(1 , - 3\right) \to B ' ' ' \left(1 , 3\right)$

$\text{after all 3 transformations}$

(7,5)to(5,4)" and "6,1)to(1,3)