# A projectile is shot from the ground at an angle of pi/4  and a speed of 10 m/s. Factoring in both horizontal and vertical movement, what will the projectile's distance from the starting point be when it reaches its maximum height?

Mar 13, 2018

The distance is $= 5.7 m$

#### Explanation:

Resolving in the vertical direction ${\uparrow}^{+}$

The initial velocity is ${u}_{0} = \left(10\right) \sin \left(\frac{1}{4} \pi\right) m {s}^{-} 1$

Applying the equation of motion

${v}^{2} = {u}^{2} + 2 a s$

At the greatest height, $v = 0 m {s}^{-} 1$

The acceleration due to gravity is $a = - g = - 9.8 m {s}^{-} 2$

Therefore,

The greatest height is ${h}_{y} = s = {\left(0 - \left(10\right) \sin \left(\frac{1}{4} \pi\right)\right)}^{2} / \left(- 2 g\right)$

${h}_{y} = {\left(10 \sin \left(\frac{1}{4} \pi\right)\right)}^{2} / \left(2 g\right) = 2.55 m$

The time to reach the greatest height is $= t s$

Applying the equation of motion

$v = u + a t = u - g t$

The time is $t = \frac{v - u}{- g} = \frac{0 - \left(10\right) \sin \left(\frac{1}{4} \pi\right)}{- 9.8} = 0.72 s$

Resolving in the horizontal direction ${\rightarrow}^{+}$

The velocity is constant and ${u}_{x} = \left(10\right) \cos \left(\frac{1}{4} \pi\right)$

The distance travelled in the horizontal direction is

${s}_{x} = {u}_{x} \cdot t = \left(10\right) \cos \left(\frac{1}{4} \pi\right) \cdot 0.72 = 5.1 m$

The distance from the starting point is

$d = \sqrt{{h}_{y}^{2} + {s}_{x}^{2}} = \sqrt{{2.55}^{2} + {5.1}^{2}} = 5.7 m$