# An electric toy car with a mass of #5 kg# is powered by a motor with a voltage of #4 V# and a current supply of #5 A#. How fast can the toy car accelerate from rest to #2 m/s#?

##### 1 Answer

Mar 18, 2016

#### Explanation:

The power input is the product of the voltage and the current.

#P = IV#

#= (4 "V") * (5 "A")#

#= 20 "W"#

The change in kinetic energy for the car is

#Delta "KE" = 1/2 m (v^2 - v_0^2)#

#= 1/2 (5 "kg") ((2 "m/s")^2 - (0 "m/s")^2)#

#= 10 "J"#

Thus, the time needed is the energy divided by the power.

#t = frac{Delta "KE"}{P}#

#= frac{10 "J"}{20 "W"}#

#= 0.5 "s"#