An object with a mass of #2 kg#, temperature of #4 ^oC#, and a specific heat of #19 J/(kg*K)# is dropped into a container with #24 L # of water at #0^oC #. Does the water evaporate? If not, by how much does the water's temperature change?

1 Answer
Dec 12, 2017

Answer:

The water does not evaporate and the change in temperature is #=0.002^@C#

Explanation:

The heat is transferred from the hot object to the cold water.

Let #T=# final temperature of the object and the water

For the cold water, # Delta T_w=T-0=T#

For the object #DeltaT_o=4-T#

# m_o C_o (DeltaT_o) = m_w C_w (DeltaT_w)#

The specific heat of water is #C_w=4.186kJkg^-1K^-1#

The specific heat of the object is #C_o=0.019kJkg^-1K^-1#

The mass of the object is #m_0=2kg#

The mass of the water is #m_w=24kg#

#2*0.019*(4-T)=24*4.186*T#

#4-T=(24*4.186)/(2*0.019)*T#

#4-T=2643.8T#

#2644.8T=4#

#T=4/2644.8=0.002^@C#

As #T<100^@C#, the water does not evaporate

You would expect this result, as the object is not very hot and the mass of the object and its specfic heat are small compared to the mass of water and the specific heat of water.