Could humans survive on other planets in the universe?

1 Answer

Answer:

In my opinion : Yes .. But unfortunately we are not able to explore all the universe (limitations by actual technology).

Explanation:

At this moment, we didn't find another planet able to respect all the conditions for humans. This is a tricky problem.
Let's take our galaxy as example :

  • First, you need to have a star similar to our sun, type G, and there are only 8% of the stars in our galaxy which this type !

N.B : if we assume that the Galaxy contains #200 xx 10^9# stars, then there would be 16 billion G type stars.

  • You have to be in the habitable zone of the galaxy (region of a galaxy in which life is most likely to develop taking several factors like major risks : supernova,...).

Let us further assume that #10%# of these stars are in the habitable zone of the galaxy, therefore remaining 1.6 billion stars.

  • You need to have a planetary systems, but it seems the occurrence is quite common, so we can assume #1/3# of these stars have planetary systems #-># 0.5 billion planetary systems in the habitable zone of the galaxy remain.

  • The planet should be an Earth sized planet with a large satellite that stabilizes its rotational axis. If the percentage of G stars that have planetary systems and a planet of Earth size in its habitable zone is #0.1%#, then there remain still #"500,000"# objects.

  • You also need some big planets in the planet system , like Jupiter for us, to attract most of the asteroids. Moreover, of the #"500,000"# objects, we can assume only #1/1000# contain a continuous habitable zone (no nearby supernova explosion, no catastrophic impacts,...) #-># still #500# objects remain.

  • Then there is the factor of age . It took about #3.5# billion years for life to develop to higher forms. How many of these #500# objects are old enough ?

If we take a crude value of #1/10#, then finally our very drastic approximation gives #50# living civilizations in the galaxy !

And this is with pessimistic estimation considering only G-stars, maybe we can extend with K-stars ...

Conclusion : It's not a large number but definitely different from one and only for our galaxy .. So I am pretty sure it's possible !