Do all humans need self-actualization as a basic need?

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Sep 19, 2016


No, self-actualization is not a basic need.


This explanation is based off of Maslow's hierarchy of needs. In Maslow's hierarchy of needs, self-actualization is actually the pinnacle, and not everyone will reach it.

This is the pyramid:

As labeled by the picture, basic needs include the physiological needs and the safety needs, such as food, water, shelter, security...etc.

What Maslow said was that before you could move on to the next level, you had to fulfill the lower level first. Before you care about your security and your safety, you need to have a source of food, water, and shelter.

If you fulfill all the other needs, you reach self-actualization, where you successfully achieve your potential.

So no, you don't need self-actualization as a basic need, but you do need to have your basic needs fulfilled before you can reach self-actualization.

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