How can abiotic factors and biotic factors affect the life of a deer?
There are many ways biotic and abiotic factors will affect the life of a deer. Some of these interactions may be direct and others will be indirect.
Biotic factors include other living things, so the deer receives protection and vigilance from any other deer it chooses to be around. It may mate with other deer. It will consume other plants and plants are living. The deer may compete with other animals, including other deer and different species, for resources, such as water, space, and food.
Abiotic factors include nonliving things such as the water the deer drinks. The actual space the deer occupies over the course of its life is made up of abiotic materials such as air and soil and the minerals in the soil. The deer may be choose to feed in a grassy nearby meadow rather than a larger meadow that would require the deer to climb a steep elevation. Thus, the topography or actual shape of the land has affected the animal's foraging decision.
There is a tremendous amount of variability in the way this animal's life will be affected by biotic and abiotic factors and the interactions of those factors. The possibilities are endless.