How can I draw the following ethers: 1-propoxypentane, 2-ethoxybutane, 1-methoxy-4-chlorohexane, and 3-butoxy-2,4-dimethyloctane?

1 Answer
Jun 16, 2015

Answer:

You draw the main chain. Then you attach the alkoxy group to the appropriate carbon atom.

Explanation:

1-Propoxypentane

Pentane is a chain of 5 carbon atoms.

The propoxy group is a 3-carbon chain with an #"O"# atom at #"C-1"#.

Draw a chain of five carbon atoms and attach the 1-propoxy group to #"C-1"# of the chain.

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2-Ethoxybutane

Attach an ethoxy group to #"C-2"# of a butane chain.

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4-Chloro-1-methoxyhexane

Draw a 6-carbon chain. Attach a methoxy group to #"C-1"# and a #"Cl"# atom to #"C-4"#.

enter image source here

3-Butoxy-2,4-dimethyloctane

Draw an 8-carbon chain. Attach a butoxy group to #"C-3"# and methyl groups to #"C-2"# and #"C-4"#.

enter image source here