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How do I take a theoretical synthesis route and plan an experimental part?

Currently I am working on a total synthesis of caffeine. Starting from 1,3-Dimethylurea and Ethyl-Cyanoacetate follow an amidation in a reaction assisted by Sodium Ethoxide as a strong base. This reactions continues with a beta hydride elimination thus closing the ring and finishing with 6-amino-1,3-dimethyluracil. This is then Nitrated to 6-amino-5-nitro-1,3-dimethyl uracil. This is then reduced ...

Currently I am working on a total synthesis of caffeine. Starting from 1,3-Dimethylurea and Ethyl-Cyanoacetate follow an amidation in a reaction assisted by Sodium Ethoxide as a strong base. This reactions continues with a beta hydride elimination thus closing the ring and finishing with 6-amino-1,3-dimethyluracil. This is then Nitrated to 6-amino-5-nitro-1,3-dimethyl uracil. This is then reduced with Iron and HCL to form 5,6-diamino-1,3-dimethyl uracil. This is then closed with formamide (need to find a mechanism) to form Xanthine. Xanthine is then methylated (still need to find a methylating agent and mech) to form the final product of caffeine.

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