How do the attractive and repulsive forces between two atoms compare when the atoms form a covalent bond?

1 Answer
Jan 1, 2018


Would not the attractive forces vastly outweigh the repulsive forces?


The modern covalent bond is conceived to be a region of high electron density between two positively charged atomic nuclei such that nucleus-nucleus repulsion is negated, and a net attractive forces results from electrostatic interaction between the positively charged nuclei, and the negatively charged electron cloud.

The internuclear distance that promotes maximum attractive interaction is quoted as the covalent bond length.