How do you calculate the dipole moment of a molecule?
Calculating a dipole moment numerically is actually fairly simple.
The strength of a dipole moment is expressed in units of the debye (D). 1 debye = 3.34x10^-30 coulomb/meter. The formula for calculating a dipole moment is as follows:
δ is the amount of charge at either end of the dipole, and d is the distance between these charges.
While the above equation is the definition of dipole moment strength, normally the following constant is inserted into the equation:
Solve for δ
where "e" is the symbol for electron charge, not the non-terminating mathematical constant "e". This electron charge can be considered as a percentage. In other words, one may consider the charge on this dipole moment as 13.56% partial positive and 13.56% partial negative.