How do you determine if a compound is a halide?
A halide is a salt with a an element from the Halide or group 7A
Group 7A the halides are Florine, Chlorine, Bromine, Iodine. Any compound that has one of these elements as its negative ion will be a halide.
The determination depends on whether the compound is a halide salt or an organic halogen compound.
Acidify an aqueous solution of the salt with dilute nitric acid.
Then add aqueous silver nitrate.
You get an immediate precipitate of the silver halide.
If the compound is an organic halide, we have to convert the covalently bound halogen atoms into their ions.
One way is to use the sodium fusion test.
The sample is heated strongly with clean sodium metal.
The "fused" sample is plunged into water.
Then you acidify the solution with nitric acid and test as before with aqueous silver nitrate.