How do you find the limit of #(x-cosx)/x# as x approaches #oo#?
The range of
Firstly, the limit of a sum is the sum of the limits
Separate the terms and solve them individually
The first term is
Use L'Hôpital's Rule for such limits of indeterminate form
In this case
Use the Squeeze or Sandwich Theorem for the second term. This is more complicated and involves three steps. We will apply them in order.
We know that cos(x) goes from -1 to 1
For f(x), we are multiplying 1/x by cos(x), which means multiplying by numbers from -1 to 1.
The upper and lower bounds of f(x) can now be found. The maximum value the function can take is 11/x and the minimum will be -11/x. Multiplying 1/x by any other number in-between -1 and 1 will result in a smaller number within these bounds. This means that the following is true:
This is saying that
From the graph, you can see that as x approaches ∞, f(x) is being squeezed toward 0 by
(2) Although I just gave the answer, pretend that you didn't have that graph and move on to step two. We need to find the limits of g(x) and h(x) and see if they are equal.
(3) They are equal, so from the Squeeze Theorem
Finally, putting it all together
You prove this for yourself by looking at the graph