How do you find the vertical, horizontal and slant asymptotes of: #(7x-2 )/( x^2-3x-4)#?

1 Answer
Jun 11, 2016

Answer:

vertical asymptotes x = -1 , x = 4
horizontal asymptote y = 0

Explanation:

Vertical asymptotes occur as the denominator of a rational function tends to zero. To find the equation/s set the denominator equal to zero.

solve : #x^2-3x-4=0rArr(x-4)(x+1)=0#

#rArrx=-1,x=4" are the asymptotes"#

Horizontal asymptotes occur as

#lim_(xto+-oo),f(x)toc" (a constant)"#

divide terms on numerator/denominator by #x^2#

#((7x)/x^2-2/x^2)/(x^2/x^2-(3x)/x^2-4/x^2)=(7/x-2/x^2)/(1-3/x-4/x^2)#

as #xto+-oo,f(x)to(0-0)/(1-0-0)#

#rArry=0" is the asymptote"#

Slant asymptotes occur when the degree of the numerator > degree of the denominator. This is not the case here (numerator-degree 1 , denominator-degree 2 ) Hence there are no slant asymptotes.
graph{(7x-2)/(x^2-3x-4) [-10, 10, -5, 5]}