How does electron affinity affect reactivity?

1 Answer
Apr 10, 2014

In general, reactivity increases as electron affinity increases.

The electron affinity is the energy released when a gaseous atom acquires an electron. The equation is

X(g) + e⁻ → X⁻(g)

The reactivity of the nonmetals correlates well with the concept of electron affinity. The greater the tendency to gain electrons, the more reactive an element is.