How many liters of 4.00 M solution can be made using exactly 100.0 grams of lithum bromide?

the answer is given i just don'y know how to do the work to get the answer?

1 Answer
Apr 17, 2018

#"0.288 L"#


The first thing that you need to do here is to convert the mass of lithium bromide to moles by using the compound's molar mass.

#100.0 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("g"))) * "1 mole LiBr"/(86.845color(red)(cancel(color(black)("g")))) = "1.1515 moles LiBr"#

Now, the molarity of the solution is simply a measure of the number of moles of solute, which in your case is lithium bromide, present for every #"1.00 L"# of the solution.

In order to have a #"4.00-M"# solution of lithium bromide, you need to have #4.00# moles of lithium bromide for every #"1.00 L"# of this solution.

You know that your sample contains #1.1515# moles of lithium bromide, so you can use the molarity of the solution as a conversion factor to determine how many liters of this solution can be made.

#1.1515 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("moles LiBr"))) * "1.00 L solution"/(4.00color(red)(cancel(color(black)("moles LiBr")))) = color(darkgreen)(ul(color(black)("0.288 L solution")))#

The answer is rounded to three sig figs, the number of sig figs you have for the molarity of the solution.