How was human anatomy discovered?
Here's a brief historical timeline of human anatomy.
Hippocrates (460 BC - 370 BC)
Hippocrates is known as the Father of Modern Medicine, but he knew almost nothing of human anatomy.
Aristotle (384 BC - 322 BC)
Aristotle is known as the Father of Comparative Anatomy, but he relied on animal analogies for human anatomy
Herophilus (335 BC - 280 BC)
Herophilus was the first person to perform systematic dissection of the human body and is widely acknowledged as the Father of Anatomy.
Galen (129 -216)
Human dissection was banned in ancient Rome, so Galen dissected Barbary macaques instead. He argued that they would be anatomically like humans.
Andreas Vesalius (1514 - 1564)
Vesalius is often referred to as the Founder of Modern Human Anatomy.
He pointed out Galen's substitution of animal for human anatomy and carried out his own dissections to observe the inner structure of the human body.
His work laid the foundations for modern human anatomy.