How would you compare and contrast the continuous spectrum and emission spectrum?
They are both emission spectra, but one has all wavelengths while the other has only specific wavelengths with gaps between them.
Continuous spectrum: a spectrum that has all wavelengths with no gaps over a wide range.
Solids at high temperatures, like the filament of an electric lamp, produce continuous spectra.
Emission spectrum: when an electron in an excited state moves to a lower energy level, it emits a certain amount of energy as photons.
The spectrum for this transition consists of lines because the energy levels are quantized.
The emission appears as coloured lines against a black background.