How would you describe the structure and synthesis of ATP and its universal role as energy currency in all living organism?
ATP is adenosine triphosphate
It consists of adenine, ribose (a sugar) and three phosphate groups. It can be released of its energy by breaking the phosphate bond, in a 1 step hydrolysis, therefore, it is a quick source of energy. Also, it is soluble so it can be transported easily around the body, to wherever it is needed. The inorganic phosphate can be used to reduce the activation energy of phosphorylate, so it allows reactions to occur with less energy.