Nitrogen and oxygen gases are combined to form nitrogen dioxide gas. All gases are at the same temp and pressure. If 10 L of each gas react, determine the identity and volume of the excess reactant left over?
Nitrogen will be your excess reactant.
Start with the balanced chemical equation for your reaction
Notice that you have a
Since all the gases are at the same pressure and temperature, you can write
You can isolate the constant terms on one side of the equation to get
This means that, when the gases are at the same pressure and temperature, the mole ratio becomes the volume ratio.
So, regardless of how many liters of nitrogen react, you need twice as many liters of oxygen for the reaction to take place. In order for all the nitrogen to react, you would need
SInce you only have 10 L of oxygen, all the oxygen will be consumed and you'll be left with excess nitrogen. The reaction will only consume
Therefore, you'll be left with