Oxygen reacts with fluorine to form only #OF_2#, but sulphur which is in the same Group 16 as oxygen, reacts with fluorine to form #SF_2#, #SF_4# and #SF_6#. Why is this?
Sulfur can use its
The diagram below shows the order of orbital energy levels in an atom.
Recall that carbon can form four equivalent orbitals by promoting a
In the same way, sulfur can promote its
The ground state electron configuration of
These orbitals can be mixed to form six new hybrid
These six orbitals can then overlap with the half-filled