The density lead is 11.3 g/mL. What is the mass of 45 mL of the of metal?

1 Answer
Aug 11, 2016

#"510 g"#


For a sample of a substance, the relationship between the mass of the sample and the volume it occupies is given by the density of the substance.

The density of a substance tells you the mass of exactly one unit of volume. In your case, the density of lead is given in #"g mL"^(-1)#, which makes your unit of volume equal to #"1 mL"#.

A density of #"11.3 g mL"^(-1)# means that every unit of volume, i.e. every milliliter, of lead has a mass of #"11.3 g"#.

You know that your sample occupies #"45 mL"#, which implies that it must have a mass of

#45 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("mL"))) * color(white)(overbrace(color(black)("11.3 g"/(1color(red)(cancel(color(black)("mL"))))))^(color(blue)("the density of lead"))) = color(green)(|bar(ul(color(white)(a/a)color(black)("510 g")color(white)(a/a)|)))#

The answer is rounded to two sig figs.