Two balls are drawn from a bag containing 5 white and 7 black balls at random. What is the probability that they would be of different colours?

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Nov 13, 2017

Answer:

If the first ball is replaced: #P("different") = 35/72#

If the first ball is not replaced: #P("different") = 35/66#

Explanation:

There are #3# outcomes that can occur:

  • both are white
  • both are black
  • one of each color

The probability of one of each color is #1- P("same")#

If the first ball is replaced:

#P(WW) = 5/12 xx5/12 = 25/144#
#P(BB) = 7/12 xx7/12 = 49/144#

#:. P("same) = 25/144+49/144 = 74/144#

#P("different") = 1-74/144 = 70/144 = 35/72#

However, if the first ball is NOT replaced, the probability changes for the second ball. There are fewer of one color and one ball less.

#P(WW) = 5/12 xx4/11 = 20/132#

#P(BB) = 7/12 xx6/11 = 42/132#

#:. P("same) = 20/132+42/132 = 62/132#

#P("different") = 1-62/132 = 70/132 = 35/66#

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Nov 13, 2017

Answer:

#35/144+35/144 =70/144#

Explanation:

#"assuming replacement of the first ball"#

#P("white")=5/12#

#P("black")=7/12#

#P("white and black")#

#=5/12xx7/12=35/144#

#P("black and white")#

#=7/12 xx5/12 = 35/144#

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