What are molecular dipoles?

1 Answer

Answer:

Molecular dipoles exist if one or more of the atoms is more electronegative than the other(s)

Explanation:

The most common dipole is water.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Properties_of_water

Since #O# is more electronegative than #H# the shared electrons tend to be more in the neighbourhood of the #O#-atom.
Since the molecule is 'bent' they tend to be more in the upper part of the figure above. This gives a slight negative charge (called #delta-#) at the top, and a #delta+# at the #H#-arms.

Since #+# and #-# attract, the next molecule will tend to turn one of its #H# 's toward the #O# of the first one.

This polarity also has many consequences for the behaviour of a polar liquid like boiling point, solvability, etc. and even the shape of snow flakes.