What are some examples of electrophiles and nucleophiles?

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electrophiles: #"H"^+, "CH"_3^+#; nucleophiles: #"Cl"^-, "OH"^-#.

Explanation:

An electrophile is a reactant that can accept an electron pair to form a bond.

Most electrophiles have either a positive charge or an atom with an incomplete octet.

Examples are #"H"^+, "CH"_3^+# and #"AlCl"_3#.

A nucleophile is a reactant that donates an electron pair to form a bond.

All molecules or ions with a free pair of electrons or a π bond can act as nucleophiles.

Examples of electrophiles are #"Cl"^-, "OH"^-#, and #"CH"_2"=CH"_2#.

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